Thread models are conceptual models that represent the flow of execution of concurrent threads within a computer system. Some examples of attributes that may be included in thread models are:
- Threads: The individual units of execution within the system.
- Concurrency: The ability of the system to execute multiple threads concurrently.
- Scheduling: The process by which the system determines which threads to execute and when.
- Synchronization: The mechanisms in place to coordinate the actions of multiple threads and prevent race conditions.
- Deadlock: A situation in which two or more threads are blocked and unable to make progress because they are waiting for each other.
- Priority: The relative importance or priority of different threads.
- Preemption: The ability of the system to interrupt the execution of a thread and switch to another thread.
- Resource contention: The competition for shared resources by multiple threads.
- Thread pools: Groups of threads that are managed and reused to improve efficiency.
Thread models are an important consideration for software developers and system designers, as they help to understand and optimize the concurrent execution of threads within a system. They can be used to analyze and improve the performance and scalability of a system, and to identify and prevent potential issues such as deadlock or resource contention.